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New Dry Bulk Cargo Advice
« en: Noviembre 25, 2021, 12:08:24 am »
Seagoing Bulk Carriers: Purpose and General Use
There are numerous risks that can be encountered while operating seagoing bulk vessels. The most important shipboard issues need the use of a careful plan and care. This website is an easy reference for the an international shipping community, offering guidance and details on loading and discharge of various bulk cargoes and to be within the restrictions as specified by the classification society. It is crucial to ensure that the ship's structure is not strained and that every safety precaution is taken in order to ensure the safety of passage on the sea. You can find helpful information on bulk carrier topics in our detail pages for both those who work at sea and those ashore.
The general characteristics of bulk ships that travel by sea.
Bulk carriers may be single deck vessels. They come with top-side tanks, as well as side tanks for hoppers. They are typically used in cargo areas. They are made to carry solid bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo refers to any material other that liquid or gas consisting of a combination or larger pieces of material that are generally uniformly composed, and loaded directly into the ship's cargo areas. Sugar, grains, and ores in bulk are examples of dry cargo. Bulk carriers can be defined as any ship designed primarily to carry liquid or solid bulk cargo. Tankers are also included. In the context of common usage, bulk carriers are used for vessels designed for transporting solid bulk cargos. This includes grains and other agricultural products and minerals like coal, iron ore, stone, and coal.   Click over to this dry cargo url for more.
What Is A Bulk Carrier ?General Features Of Bulk Carriers Are:
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
Capacity to carry that ranges from 3,000 to 300,000.
Average speed of 12 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small - to medium-sized bulk carriers that can carry up to 40,000 tons are fitted with cargo handling equipment. Larger vessels have dock-based facilities for loading and unloading.
-Cargo holds are often large and free from obstructions. Large hatch sizes allow for easy loading/unloading.
Most bulk carriers have a cargo hold dedicated as an ballast hold. It can be utilized for ballast voyages to increase stability. Additional holds can be allowed for partial ballasting, however only in port
They are covered with single pull, hydraulic, or stacking (piggyback) type steel hatch covers
There are four types of ballast tanks or ballast types.
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping tanks with bottom-side-wings that slope
Double bottom tanks
Peak and afterwards peak ballast tank.
Bulk solid cargo? Anything other than liquid or gasoline, that is composed of fragments or granules made of smaller pieces, homogeneous in composition and loaded into cargo areas. The cargoes carried by bulk carriers, which range from "clean" foodstuffs to "dirty" minerals and including the ones that react with each other or with contaminants such as water, mean that attention must be paid to ensure that the cargo areas are adequately prepared for the specific item to be loaded. Cleaning must be adequate for the item to be loaded and will usually require a surveyor to assess the space to ensure it is suitable to load. To avoid contamination, it is essential to get rid of any remnants of a previous cargo. The damage to bulk cargoes occurs mostly due to water. The hold must be dry to receive cargo. But hatch covers should be watertight, or sealed if needed, to prevent water ingress. All fittings inside the storage area (ladders, pipe guards and bilge covers.) It is crucial to examine all fittings in the hold (ladders and pipe guards, etc.) and make sure they are properly installed. The equipment may cause major damages to conveyor belt systems and, consequently, delays for which the ship will be held accountable, should they be inadvertently discharged with the cargo. Check out this panamax bulk carrier info for more.
Bulk Carrier, Bulker? Bulk Carrier, Bulker A vessel that can transport dry cargo. It's not meant to be a bulk liquid carrier or tanker. A conventional bulk carrier has a single deck, single skin and double bottom. It also contains topside tanks, hopper side tanks, and cargo space tanks. Bulk carriers are built to handle bulk goods of any size, heavy or light, and can carry a maximum weight of 450 pounds. The procedure of loading, transporting and then releasing dry bulk cargo can be more complex than most people think.
Carrier for bulk material without equipment
A lot of bulk cargoes could have dangerous properties or may undergo modifications in transport. Improper loading could cause damage to the vessel, e.g. A ship that is not fully loaded is prone to being bent by loading it excessively. This ?stress? In rough weather the stress can result in serious problems at sea. Additionally, the residues of earlier cargoes could be a significant threat to the future cargoes. Some bulk cargoes can also be affected by water damage, e.g. cement power. It is difficult to verify the amount of cement used and the weight of cargoes unloaded and loaded. All these factors affect the procedures for the safe carriage of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? bulk cargoes may be conical when loaded on conveyor belts. The angle of this cone, also referred to as the "angle for repose" differs with every cargo. For iron ore, cargoes may form a steeply angled cone. However, cargoes which flow freely could make a shallow angle cone. A cargo that is low in angle of repose is at risk of potential to shift during passage. As the cargo gets closer to completion, bulldozers might be necessary to distribute the load within the hold. Many dry-bulk carriers are dependent on dock facilities to facilitate discharge and loading of cargo. However bulk carriers could be able to self-unload using conveyors beneath the cargo holds or on decks.


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Re:New Dry Bulk Cargo Advice
« Respuesta #2 en: Diciembre 25, 2021, 12:20:49 am »